February 21,
#BuzTak Special #Unsolved Mysteries

Mystery: Why Nazca Lines in Peru are Unsolved?

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Thanks to the 168 new geoglyphs that researchers have found in the soil of Peru’s desert, nearly twice as many old Nazca Lines in Peru have been found in the area.

The Nazca Lines are a collection of human, zoomorphic, and geometrical patterns in the Nazca desert. There are hundreds of figures that can only be seen from the air, and they range in complexity from simple lines to geometric designs. For those who are interested, here are some Nazca Lines facts. The 520 km2 area where the lines are spread out and some of them go as far as 800 km. in the southern Peruvian region, halfway between Nazca and Palpa. Although their construction’s specific purpose is still up for question, scholars believe the Nazca Culture drew them onto the earth between 200 BC and 500 AD.

Since the lines could only be seen from above, locals and visitors were unable to comprehend their entire magnitude for generations. As a result, they were not found until after the creation of the airplane, when pilots started reporting strange drawings carved into the desert below. Since then, knowledge of the Nazca Lines has captured people’s curiosity and imagination all across the world.

The area experiences a hot, dry climate with little rain and constant sunshine. The well-preserved state of these ancient artifacts is made possible by the dry climate. The Nazca Lines are nonetheless susceptible to erosion and other types of natural deterioration even under these ideal circumstances. According to scholars, many more geoglyphs than those that may be seen today existed in the past. An animal figurine of a snake and one of a llama were recently discovered by a storm.

What is Peru’s, Nazca Lines?

Archaeologists consider more than 50 of the enormous ancient artworks, which were photographed by researchers using drones to study southern Peru, to be discoveries. The mysterious Nazca lines carved into the high desert of southern Peru more than a millennium ago still hold a special place in our hearts.

How many Nazca geoglyphs are there?

In Peru, more than 160 enigmatic geoglyphs from Nazca have been found, including one that resembles Homer Simpson (pictured) Yamagata University scientists estimate the age of the 168 recently discovered geoglyphs to be between 100 BC and AD 300. One of the giant 4,000-year-old bull geoglyphs is… Nazca lines in Peru are obsolete.

How many new geoglyphs have been discovered in Peru’s desert?

Nazca Lines in Peru

The Nazca Lines in Peru contain 168 enigmatic new geoglyphs.

Thanks to the 168 new geoglyphs that researchers have found in the soil of Peru’s desert, nearly twice as many old Nazca Lines in Peru have been found in the area.

Researchers from Yamagata University in Japan and Peru used aerial photographs, drones, and field surveys to assess the UNESCO World Heritage site on Peru’s southern Pacific coast over two years. People, camels, birds, killer whales, cats, snakes, and other animals are all shown in the artwork. One of the around 50 large-scale drawings features a character that even vaguely resembles Homer Simpson.

Although the exact date of creation of the geoglyphs is unknown, clay pots discovered close to the lines suggest that they were created between 100 B.C. and 300 A.D., or 2,100 and 1,700 years ago. The majority of the Nazca Lines, which can only be viewed from the air, has baffled experts for years. However, Masato Sakai, a professor from Yamagata University who oversaw the investigation, told Reuters that the recently discovered figures are smaller, averaging between 6 feet and 19 feet in length, and can be seen from the ground.

Can you see the Nazca Lines from the ground?

Scientists have been baffled by the Nazca Lines for years because the majority of them can only be viewed from the air. However, the freshly found figures are smaller, ranging in size from 6 to 19 feet, and can be seen from the ground, according to Masato Sakai, a professor at Yamagata University who oversaw the study, and spoke to Reuters.

The Nazca Lines in Peru are where?

In the Nazca Desert, a dusty plateau or pampa that extends 37 miles along the Pacific coast of Peru, is the Nazca Lines. One of the driest and least populated locations on Earth is the Nazca Desert.

An estimate puts the area of the Nazca Lines in Peru at 450 square kilometers. They are situated between the cities of Nazca and Palpa, more than 200 miles southeast of Lima. For more information, visit our How to Get There page.

The Nazca Culture

NAZCA CULTURE new Facts

Nearly 2,000 years ago, the Nazca Culture first appeared. The Paracas Culture, which had its epicenter in the adjacent Pisco and Ica Valleys, is regarded to have had a significant influence on it. The Paracas Culture that came before it was largely continued by the Nazca Culture. This is particularly seen in their weaving techniques and religious practices, both of which strongly reflect the impact of Paraca’s Culture. Regional art and architecture, which also demonstrate connections between the Nazca Culture and its forerunner, support this theory.

Archaeologists’ largest find in the area is Cahuachi, the so-called “Lost City of the Line Builders.” This ancient city was built nearly two thousand years ago but was abandoned mysteriously about 500 years later. The site contains over 40 mounds (including adobe pyramids) and also overlooks several famous Nazca geoglyphs. The Nazca people would make a pilgrimage to Cahuachi for special ceremonies and rituals. Although the permanent population of the area has been determined to be quite small, there were an estimated 25,000 people present during major ceremonial events. By digging in the area, archaeologists have also discovered a darker aspect of the Nazca society. Several horrific killings that were performed as ritual sacrifices were disclosed by the uncovering of various necropolises.

The Nazca Culture was famous for its unusual weaving and ceramics, which featured geometric and mythological designs, flora, and animals, among other things. The famed geoglyphs discovered at the Nazca Lines site reflect many of these themes.

Geoglyphs at Nazca Lines

The Nazca plain is covered in these well-known figures that have been placed there by prehistoric peoples like a huge puzzle. There are 300 geometric forms, 70 drawings of animals and plants (also known as biomorphs), and 800 straight lines in total, all of which vary in shape, size, and intricacy. The following list includes some of the most well-known geoglyphs.

Hummingbird

Nazca Lines in Peru

Of all the geoglyphs, the Hummingbird is the most famous and is simple to recognize due to its distinctive features. A wingspan of roughly 216 feet is shared by its huge beak, wings, and tail.

Whale

One of the most distinct carvings discovered so far on the surface of the Nazca Desert is the whale geoglyph. This geoglyph may be easily distinguished from the others thanks to its clearly defined fins and largemouth. There is another whale geoglyph, known as the “Killer Whale,” but it is more intricate than its companion and is therefore more difficult to discern from the ground and the air.

Spider

Paul Kosk, a well-known American academic, witnessed one of the first geoglyphs. On the surface of the desert, close to a trapezoid’s edge and a vast network of lines. It is estimated that this enormous figure is 151 feet long.

Dog

Another peculiar figure is the Dog, whose gaping mouth and pulled-back ears give the impression that it is nearly terrified. The dog is roughly 170 feet long. Although it has no resemblance to any of the native varieties found in Peru now, experts think it might represent a breed that was prevalent during the Nazca Culture.

Condor

One of the greatest geoglyphs, the Condor is 440 feet long and nearly that wide. It may be seen from above and is also known as the Long-tailed Mockingbird. The Andes highlands, which are up to 130 miles from the Nazca lines, are home to many Andean condors.

Astronaut

One of the most mysterious geoglyphs from Nazca, observers have conjectured a variety of intriguing possibilities about what it represents, including a fisherman, a spaceman, and an alien visitor waving to onlookers. To find out more, go to our article on Nazca Lines’s theories.

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NAZCA LINES THEORIES

In the Nazca desert, south of Lima, there are several geometrical patterns and zoomorphic figures carved into the sand known as the Nazca Lines. The most well-known images are of a parrot, a condor, a spider, a hummingbird, and a monkey. Around 70 plant and animal figures, over 800 straight lines, and 300 geometric patterns make up the entire collection. The Nazca Lines were first studied by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe, but it wasn’t until the development of modern aviation in the 1930s that the figures were recognized because they are invisible from the ground.

Several more were found in the ensuing decades, and new ones are continually being found now. The exact use and origin of the Nazca Lines have been hotly contested by researchers, and various Nazca Lines ideas have been put out because little other remnants of the civilization that created these enormous designs exist.

Nazca Lines in Peru

Sites of Water-Cult Ritual Nazca Lines in Peru

A team of American scholars led by Johan Reinhard originally put forth one of the most persuasive hypotheses regarding the purpose and genesis of the Nazca lines. The most likely reason for the designs, according to this hypothesis, is that they were included in ancient ceremonies asking the gods for rain because of the Nazca Desert’s extreme aridity (the region only gets 20 minutes of rain a year on average). The most obvious explanation for the creation of these images, according to researchers, is their use in religious rites because animal symbolism is prevalent at ritual sites across the Andes.

the sky’s eye

According to a variant of the solar calendar theory advanced by an independent researcher and self-described eclipsologist Robin Edgar, the Nazca lines and geoglyphs were intended to be viewed by the alleged “eye of god” or “eye in the sky” that may be seen during total solar eclipses. According to this hypothesis, the pictures were created as gifts or even as a way to communicate with a god or gods who resided in the sky.

Inflatable balloons

In the 1970s, Jim Woodman put up yet another slightly absurd notion. He concluded that the Nazca people could only have drawn these lines in the sand if they had developed flying. This assumption was made without any specific supporting evidence, however, he did claim to have discovered a pottery fragment with a picture of a hot air balloon (a claim that most people consider spurious). In the end, he constructed a hot air balloon to test his theory using materials found nearby. The balloon was able to take flight for a brief period after multiple unsuccessful tries.

Olympic Stadium

The Nazca Lines may have served as a unique racetrack where athletes participated in Olympic-style games to honor the gods, according to a theory put out in 1980 by Georg A. von Breunig. Homer von Ditfurth, a professor, agreed with this theory.

Sacred Pathways

In a similar vein, researcher Michael Coe has proposed that the lines were a kind of hallowed walkway that the Nazca people would traverse during ceremonial rituals. The main lines were viewed as a sacrifice to the mountain gods who provided the water needed to cultivate crops. Many Andean faiths share the common practice of worshipping mountain deities.

Water Source Markers

Using a contentious technique known as dowsing, independent researcher David Johnson believes that the Nazca lines were markers for subsurface aquifers, whose locations he has pinpointed. His beliefs are at odds with how Andean farming practices are currently thought upon.

Convergence of Geometry

Professor Anthony Aveni has found evidence supporting yet another version of the water-cult theory: the Nazca lines appear to converge in spoke patterns and trapezoids. The location of this point of convergence is where surface water joins river valleys or at elevated areas of land in between streams. Rituals to thank the gods for giving water would be most appropriate at this nexus point.

Travel to the Nazca Lines in Peru

Famous ancient geoglyphs carved into the Nazca desert floor have made Nazca famous around the world. The geoglyphs are a wonderful sight to witness, with the largest measuring 370m! See below for a detailed overview of Nazca Lines excursions.

FLIGHT PROVIDERS FOR NAZCA LINES

AERONAUTICA

AERONAUTICA

Aeronautica is a well-liked option because they have over 15 years of expertise flying the Nazca Lines and were last year’s best-selling company on findlocaltrips.com. The greatest Nazca Line experience is guaranteed thanks to the fleet of authorized aircraft and thoroughly qualified pilots. Additionally, the 2-way communication technology enables the guides and pilots to speak with everyone on board.

•Price: $80

•Flight time: 30 minutes

•8 a.m., 9 a.m., 10 a.m., 10:30 a.m., 11 a.m., 11:30 a.m., 12 p.m., 1 p.m

•Location for pickup and drop-off: Nasca Hotel, Hostel, or Terminal

•Location for pickup and drop-off: Nasca Hotel, Hostel, or Terminal

AEROPARACAS

AEROPARACAS

The Nazca Lines experience offered by Aeroparacas is fun and ensures that you get to see the outstanding geoglyphs from the prehistoric era. Aeroparacas are a popular option because they have a fleet of aircraft in all sizes to accommodate all size parties. All Cessna aircraft and pilots are completely licensed, qualified, and certified, ensuring the safety of every passenger. Once your flight is over, just make sure you don’t lose your flying certificate!

•Price: $85

•Flight time: 30 minutes

•Time of departure: 08:50, 10:00, 11:00, or 12:30

•Location for pickup and drop-off: Nasca Hotel, Hostel, or Terminal

•Accessibility: Year-round

AER MOVIL

AER MOVIL

Flying with Movil Air can let you have a wonderful time at the Nazca Lines! Passengers can put their cares away and take in the breathtaking sights with a fleet of Cessna planes flown by properly licensed pilots. Passengers will have all the information they need to have the best Nazca Lines experience with the aid of fully qualified bilingual guides!

•Price: $85

•Flight time: 30 minutes

•Time of departure: 8:00, 9:00, 10:00, 10:30, 11:30, 12:00, 13:00, and 14:00

•Location for pickup and drop-off: Nasca Hotel, Hostel, or Terminal

•Accessibility: Year-round

A TOUR OF CHAUCHILLA CEMETERY

A TOUR OF CHAUCHILLA CEMETERY

Visit Nazca for more than just the geoglyphs, though! Don’t pass up the chance to see the breathtaking Nazca mummies at Chauchilla Cemetery. The mummies, along with their possessions and offerings to the gods, have all been preserved due to the special atmosphere of Nazca, so you can visit the tomb in a state close to how it was at the time of burial.

Price: $20

Tours last 30 minutes.

Tours depart at 11:00 and 14:00

Location of pick-up and drop-off: Nazca hotels and hostels

Accessibility: Year-round

Mystery: Why Nazca Lines in Peru are Unsolved?

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1 Comment

  1. siva krishna
    06th Jan 2023 Reply

    good article….

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